Periwinkle Humanities Initiative
A project of the Center for Transformative Action
Courtesy of Library of Congress
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1938. Native American Indians, especially in the Southwest USA, were also enslaved, though not in the same way. First by the Spanish, whose brutal occupation of the former Anasazi (aka Ancestral Puebloans) descendants led to the Pueblo Revolt, and later by the expanding American Empire.
Memory & Landmarks Report
National Burial Database of Enslaved Americans
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Photo: Bob Lemmons – Carrizo Springs, Texas
Born a slave around 1850 near San Antonio, Texas. Lemmons came to Carrizo Springs during the Civil War with men seeking new range for their cattle.