Periwinkle Initiative

Periwinkle Humanities Initiative
A project of the Center for Transformative Action

Courtesy of Library of Congress

See the source image
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1938. Native American Indians, especially in the Southwest USA, were also enslaved, though not in the same way. First by the Spanish, whose brutal occupation of the former Anasazi (aka Ancestral Puebloans) descendants led to the Pueblo Revolt, and later by the expanding American Empire.

LOC_Bob Lemmons.jpg





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Photo: Bob Lemmons – Carrizo Springs, Texas
Born a slave around 1850 near San Antonio, Texas. Lemmons came to Carrizo Springs during the Civil War with men seeking new range for their cattle.

The Chaco Sky: LSSS La Sagra Sky Survey

LSSS La Sagra Sky Survey & Chaco Canyon

Operated by the Observatorio Astronómico de Mallorca (OAM), the Observatorio de La Sagra is situated in the mountains of Andalucia, Southern Spain.

International Dark Sky Poster, Tyler Nordgren

Chaco Canyon has long been recognized by many night sky purists to be one of the best locations in America to stargaze. Today, amidst this ancient landscape, once teeming with Anasazi, visitors To Chaco Canyon can experience the same dark sky that the Chacoans observed a thousand years ago.

The main activities are the development of strategies and tools for discover and track Small Solar System Bodies, particularly Near Earth Objects, and Space Debris in the course of the La Sagra Sky Survey (LSSS).

Space Debris & Other Projects:

Instrumental References
MPC (Minor Planet Center)
ESA (European Space Agency)
IAU (International Astronomical Union)
The Planetary Society:

Shoemaker NEO

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American West Museum


The Museum of the American West, located on the northwest edge of Lander, Wyoming, is on a popular route to Teton and Yellowstone National Parks.

Special arrangements for tours of the living village and services may be made. For more information please contact the MAW office or contact us via email.


Tours of Pioneer Village by appointment. Call for more information.

Visit our Farmer’s Market every Tuesday beginning at 5PM
August-Sept Farmer’s Market
Traveling exhibits are on display in the Coutant House throughout the year.
Professional photographer Michelle Motherway has some wonderful photos on display during the month of August. Recently returning in-house photographer Milt Boyer will show his collection of photographic treasures from the 4-corners region, cliff houses, Mesa Verde, Grand Gulch, and other Anasazi and Ancestral Puebloan strongholds.

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Join the museum today and help us build for the future

Museum of my American West, Lander, Wyoming

Native American Humanities

North Dakota Native American Humanities Council

For the latest on the history and heritage of North Dakota Click Here to visit our blog.


The North Dakota Native American Humanities Council is an independent state affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The NDHC, and the other 55 state and territorial councils, were founded by the federal government on the premise that, “An advanced civilization must not limit its efforts to science and technology alone, but must give full value and support to the other great branches of scholarly and cultural activity in order to achieve a better understanding of the past, a better analysis of the present and a better view of the future.” This includes ancient Anasazi, or Ancestral Puebloan Societies, as well as the Anasazi descendant tribes like the Zuni, Hopi, or Puebloan Villages. Simply put, a nation that does not know why it exists, or what it stands for, cannot long be expected to flourish. In this vein, the NDHC uses the tools of history, literature, philosophy, ethics, and archeology to illuminate what we as a nation and as individuals stand for and why. The NDHC supports public initiatives that create opportunities to think critically about fundamental issues of the human experience in order to understand and enhance American culture.




  Does Fracturing Threaten Chaco Canyon?

Their mission  is to educate the public on the dangers of hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking.” This is an economic, environmental, and political issue, but above all it is a human health and human rights issue. Water contamination, air pollution, noise and light pollution, odors, road damage, property rights violations, negative effects on local businesses, and other problems are common complaints from are residents.

In Chaco Canyon, like any areas of the country, fracking is a concern. So much so, that in New Mexico, The BLM recently deferred the sale of oil and gas leases in the Chaco Canyon area. Famous for being home to the Ancient Anasazi of Chaco Canyon, this shallow, windswept home to Great Houses and the Sun Dagger must be protected.

These problems not only impact the people in the area, but their pets, their livestock, and their crops. Wildlife and plants in the area are also affected. The effects are not confined within the Fayetteville Shale area, as the water people drink, the food that people eat, and the air people breathe may come from within the Fayetteville Shale.

Responsible citizens focus on public awareness through this website, public presentations, media interviews, reports, social media, and a documentary which is now available online.We work with area residents, industry employees, industry regulators, government officials, and other grass-roots organizations to help eliminate negative impacts.We have conducted research on air quality, which has been peer-reviewed and published, and are currently researching effects to public drinking water through GIS and mapping.

Trail Race


Two Premier Trail Races in the Pineywoods of Texas.

Hog’s Hunt and Rocky Raccoon 25/50K trail races have become Texas classics. The two races represent a combined history of 47 years. An enjoyable course in the tall pine trees winds its way around Lake Raven. Well stocked aid stations and friendly volunteers add to the fun. And yes, we’ve heard the rumors, but its simply not true about Chaco Canyon National Historic Park,  a race there was not cancelled due to nearby fracking. It seems there was simply never a race schedule for the Anasazi stronghold of Chaco Canyon (Northwest New Mexico). Back to reality…..

Update Nov 6th: The 25th Annual Rocky Raccoon Trail Run will be held this Saturday, Nov. 7 at Huntsville State Park.

The 50K starts at 6 a.m., with the 25K and 5-mile events starting at 7 a.m.

Late registration and packet pickup will be held at Shelter No. 1 inside the park from 4:30 p.m.-to-7 p.m. Friday, Nov. 6 and resume at the same location at 4:45 a.m. on race day Saturday, Nov. 7.

If you or someone you know would like to volunteer Saturday, please have them contact us.

As of 8 a.m. on Friday, Nov. 6, the course was in excellent condition and the area had received only minimal rainfall during the previous 24 hours.

Update Aug 21st: 2015 Rocky Raccoon race applications are now available. New this year – 5 Mile Trail Race has been added!

Globe Town and the Anasazi of Chaco Canyon

Globe Town
Climate Change: Anasazi and Chaco Canyon Effects

Globe Town shows how countries are connected globally through trade, immigration, or international assistance, along with country profiles of issues such as energy use and climate adaptation. This is true in the present, as well as in ancient times, like when the Anasazi ruled Chaco Canyon.

Myths circulating online about climate change cause misplaced apathy or alarm. A website built to be the antidote has won a major global award for a team from the University of Southampton. Globe-Town shows how no one is isolated from the consequences in an interdependent world. The site also reveals how responding to climate change presents a world of opportunities to inspire individuals and entrepreneurs.

“The World Health Organisation has estimated that climate change is killing 150,000 people a year. In order to tackle this challenge, we all need to know how it affects us personally and what we can do about it. Globe-Town does this by connecting the global with the local, so we can explore the risks, responsibilities and opportunities of climate change in an increasingly interconnected world.”

Globe-Town builds heavily on the increasing amount of freely available open data online, with much of it originating from the World Bank’s open data portal which provides a rich variety of well-organized information around all aspects of sustainable development. By opening up the facts of climate change in different countries, Globe-Town shows how no one is isolated from the consequences in an interdependent world. The site also reveals how responding to climate change presents a world of opportunities to inspire individuals and entrepreneurs.” This is covered in more detail in the Ancestral Puebloan book “Anasazi of Chaco Canyon“, including the environmental impact of the great houses constructed in Chaco.

3D Digital Reconstruction of the Sun Dagger at Chaco Canyon

Of all the treasures held within Chaco Canyon, the Sun Dagger may be the most enigmatic. A spiral petroglyph tucked behind three huge sandstone slabs proved to be one of the most sophisticated pre-historic calendars known. It was discovered by artist Anna Sofaer in 1977, and was well documented and commemorated in the “Mystery of Chaco Canyon” video, narrated by Robert Redford. Unfortunately, in 1989, the sandstone slabs slipped slightly, and we lost the Sun Dagger forever.

We are proud to announce the Sun Dagger has been re-constructed in 3D for Mac and PC computers, a part of the “Anasazi of Chaco Canyon” computer program. Here is a sneak peak video…. Enjoy!


Language Options in Chaco Canyon Game

Good news for our Latin American and European friends, The Chaco Canyon Computer Game can be played in English, French, Spanish, and German. Simply choose your language when starting up the program, and all menus and screens will show in that language.

Here is the description of Penasco Blanco in Spanish:

Una de las primeras casas grandes de los Chacoan, solo una de solamente dos casas grandes ubicada en el sur del Cañón Chaco. (La otra es Tsin Kletsin). Unica por su planta oval, diferente de cualquiera de las otras grandes casas. Peñasco Blanco tiene cuatro kivas grandes, con dos en la plaza principal. El mayor periodo de construcción fue de mediados a fines del siglo 1000 D.C. Este sitio nunca ha sido excavado, pero Richard Wetherill cree que enormes cantidades de turquesa fueron extraídas del sitio por buscadores Navajos. La última fila de habitaciones aumentó a dos pisos. El sitio fue nombrado por el teniente Simpson cuando él supervisó el Cañón del Chaco en 1849. El nombre traducido al español significa “casa alrededor del doblez del arroyo”.

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